Research Findings

Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2006

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics; U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, December 2006

Violence and weapons continue to pose problems in schools according to the most recent data on school crime and safety. Key findings indicate:

• From July 1, 2004, through June 30, 2005, there were 28 school-associated violent deaths (including seven suicides) among youths ages 5 to 18.

• The percentage of public schools experiencing one or more violent incidents (including fights) increased between the 1999–2000 and 2003–04 school years, from 71 to 81 percent.

• In 2003–04 middle schools experienced 53 violent crimes per 1,000 students, versus 28 violent crimes per 1,000 students in both primary schools and high schools. Pdf

Crime, Violence, Discipline, and Safety in U.S. Public Schools— Findings from the School Survey on Crime and Safety: 2003–04

U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, December 2006

Key findings from the survey include:

• High schools (44 percent) were more likely to report that students were distributing illegal drugs at school than were middle schools (27 percent) or primary schools (1 percent).

• Middle schools (42 percent) were more likely than high schools (21 percent) and primary schools (24 percent) to report that student bullying occurs at least once a week at school.

• More schools drill students on an existing written plan for natural disasters (84 percent) than they drill students on an existing written plan for school shootings (47 percent).

Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance— United States, 2005

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, June 2006

In the United States, 71 percent of all deaths among persons aged 10–24 years resulted from four causes: motor-vehicle crashes, other unintentional injuries, homicide, and suicide.

When surveyed, many high school students reported that they had engaged in behaviors that increase the likelihood of death by one of these four causes during the 30 days preceding the survey:

• Drove a car or other vehicle after drinking alcohol: 9.9 percent.

• Carried a weapon: 18.5 percent.

• Drank alcohol: 43.3 percent.

• Used marijuana: 20.2 percent